nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site

The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. ‘Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway. Further modernization occurred as part of the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone. The system was described by Guilford Lindsey Molesworth in a report from 1886:[11], Two distinct functions – first that of traction by adhesion as in an ordinary loco; second that of traction by pinions acting on the track bars. The World’s industrial heritage is certainly not over-represented on the WHS list and I only know of 3 railway related sites (The DHR plus Semmering in Austria and the Mumbai Railway Station). [25], Mountain railways of India: 1 = Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, 2 = Nilgiri Mountain Railway, 3 = Kalka–Shimla Railway, Doiwala–Dehradun–Uttarkashi–Maneri Gangotri Railway, Karnaprayag–Saikot–Sonprayag Kedarnath Railway, "History of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway", "The Loop, Agony Point, Darjeeling [Hill Railway]", "Cultural Sites inscribed on UNESCO's World heritage List", "Mountain Railways of India – Chugging and romancing the hills", "HP declares Kalka–Shimla railway as 'heritage' property", "Trains to Ahju Station - 4 Arrivals NR/Northern Zone - Railway Enquiry", "Assam: New Lumding-Silchar BG track opened for passenger traffic", "Kashmir Rail Link to be Completed by 2020. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway took 45 years to cut through the bureaucratic red tape and complete the construction and installation after it was first planned in 1854. Both towns are in the state of Tamil Nadu. UNESCO declared the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Kalka-Shimla Railway, and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway a world heritage site under the name “Mountain Railways of India”. Another feature are spirals on steep hills that provide scenic views of the valleys below. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908,[1] and was initially operated by the Madras Railway. By 1909–1910, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was carrying roughly 174,000 passengers and 47,000 tons of goods annually. [5], Important features incorporated in the line include four loops (spirals) and four 'Z' reverses (zigzags). About Nilgiri Mountain Railway The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is simply abbreviated as “NMR” located at…, About Western Railway Zone The Western Railway Zone is simply abbreviated as “WR”. The Kangra Valley Railway is 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow-gauge railway and covers a distance of 163 km (101 mi) between Pathankot and Joginder Nagar, an area known for its nature and ancient Hindu shrines, in the sub-Himalayan region. Early this month, during the 29th session of the World Heritage Committee meeting at Durban, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway(NMR) was declared a World Heritage Site. [22] The newline will be 234 km (145 mi) will cost ₹7228 crore. The famous Hindi song Chaiyya Chaiyya from the film “Dil Se” featuring Shahrukh Khan was shot on the roof top of NM. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is 46 kilometers (28.5 miles) long. The line contains 208 curves, 16 tunnels, and 250 bridges, causing the uphill journey along the route to take about 290 min (4.8 h), while the downhill journey takes 215 min (3.6 h). The route is operated by Indian Railways., and its elevation starts at 100 m (330 ft) in Siliguri and rises to about 2,200 m (7,200 ft) at Darjeeling. Constructed by British in 1908, Nilgiri Mountain Train is considered an engineering marvel with the steepest track in Asia. A compilation of various videos I shot on the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a UNESCO world heritage site. 33), which is 1,144 m (3,753 ft) long, connecting Dagshai and Solan. It runs from Neral to Matheran by covering with a distance of about 20 Kilometers or 12 Miles, The Kangra Valley Railway also called as “Kangra Toy Train”. [8][9][10], Initially, the town of Coonoor was the final station on the line, but in September 1908 it was extended to Fernhill followed by Udagmandalam by October 15, 1908. The route crosses major earthquake zones and is subjected to extreme temperatures of cold and heat, as well as inhospitable terrain, making it a challenging engineering project. Nilgiri Mountain Railway along with Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and the Kalka Shimla Railway have been designated as a single World Heritage site. A condition of being placed upon the list was that steam locomotives would continue to be used along the route. The Mountain Railways of Indiarepresents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railwayand the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. British built it in 1908 and train runs on 1,000 mm track known as meter gauge and also known as a toy train. Mountain Railways of India (UNESCO/TBS) This site includes three railways. Check Pnr status,train running status,seat availability,PNR. The NZASM 32 Tonner 0-4-2RT of 1894 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in Transvaal. The site then became known as Mountain railways of India. The section traverses the Barail mountains.[17]. The Nilgiri line was proposed in 1854 but regional topography was so daunting that work did not begin until 1891. Some mountain railways, such as the Jammu–Baramulla line, are currently under construction, and others are in the planning stage, such as the Srinagar–Leh line, the Bilaspur–Leh line, the Jammu–Poonch line, and the Chota Char Dham Railway. UNESCO declared the railway as a World Heritage Site in 2005, extending it to the greater heritage site of Mountain Railways of India. "Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. British built it in 1908 and train runs on 1,000 mm track known as meter gauge and also known as a toy train. Three railways, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway, are collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name Mountain Railways of India. Mountain Railways of India are considered as railway lines constructed in the mountains of India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway collectively got the status of World Heritage Sites in 1999. It covers with a distance of about 345 Kilometers or 214 Miles. Since 1845, the railway line saw its construction, yet it was ultimately opened by the British in 1899. The railway is particularly picturesque because of the surrounding rocky terrain, ravines, tea plantations, and thickly forested hills. Koordinatar Nilgiri Mountain Railway er ein tannstongjarnbane mellom Mettupalayam og Ugamandalam i Tamil Nadu i det sørlege IndiaBanen vart bygd av britane i 1908, og vart frå starten drive av Madras Railway Company. It is administered by Central Railways.[8]. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the site then became known as “Mountain Railways of India. Nilgiri mountain railway runs from Mettupalayam to Ooty (Udagamandalam) via Coonoor in the Nilgiri Hills. The route is located within the state of Tamil Nadu and travels through the Nilgiri Hills, which are popularly known as the Blue Mountains of Southern India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway opened in 1899. The terminus is a part of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. A historic moment not only for the NMR, but for the residents of the Nilgiris and for all those who have travelled on this train. One of the handbrakes acts on the tyres of the wheels in the ordinary manner and the second acts on grooved surfaces of the pinion axle, but can be used in those places where the rack is laid. The line has 971 uniquely designed bridges and two tunnels. KSR stands for “Kalka Shimla Railway” is also called as “Kalka Shimla Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Matheran Hill Railways, Kangra Toy Train and Kashmir Railways are the other mountain tracks traversing through the mountain ranges of India. This is the first mountain rail in India to be recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. This article helps you to learn about the list of world heritage sites in India which are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in India. [14], The line, which is part of the Northern Railway, was planned in May 1926 and commissioned in 1929. This UNESCO world heritage site will resume operations from 31st December. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is proposed as an extension to the existing World Heritage Site, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), forming a serial nomination: Mountain Railways of India. Part of a Unesco World Heritage Site today, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway was among the most ambitious engineering projects of the British Raj. Established in the early 19th century by the British as the summer headquarters of the Chennai government, Ooty now draws tourists wanting to escape the stifling summer heat. The following are the list of world heritage sites in India which had designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in India: The above list of world heritage sites in India can explain briefly in the following: DHR stands for “Darjeeling Himalayan Railway” also called as “Darjeeling Toy Train”. It is under pending approval by the International body. All the mountain railways constructed in recent times use 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge. The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. On the recommendations of a committee appointed by Sir Ashley Eden, work on the route began in 1879 and was completed by July 1881. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared UNESCO’s world heritage site in 2005. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908, and was initially operated by the Madras Railway.The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. The 'Nilgiri Passenger' train covers a distance of 26 km (16.2 mi), travels through 208 … It will link the state's winter capital, Jammu, with the summer capital, Srinagar, and beyond till Baramulla. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. "Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. "[2] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway received the honor first in 1999 by UNESCO followed by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in 2005. It also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908,[1] and was initially operated by the Madras Railway. NMR comes under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Salem Division. The Nilgiri is the only rack railway in India, and it uses an Abt rack system. The brakes are four in number – two handbrakes, acting by friction; and two acting by preventing the free escape of air from cylinder and thus using compressed air in retarding the progress of the engine. The line was designated a national project on February 26, 2013. The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. This railway, scaling an elevation of 326 m to 2,203 m, represented the latest technology of the time. In July 2005 UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as World Heritage site. A unique feature of the line is its horseshoe embankments. The fourth railway, the Matheran Hill Railway, is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. The tracks climb from 656 m (2,152 ft) to a peak elevation of 2,076 m (6,811 ft) at Shimla. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway opened in 1899. [4][6] The line underwent several improvements such as making its gradients more gradual over the years to increase its manoeuvrability. The fourth railway, the Matheran Hill Railway, is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is planned to be extended to Gangtok and the India-China border in the future. The highest point on this line is at Ahju station at an elevation of 1,291 m (4,236 ft), and the terminus at Joginder Nagar is at 1,189 m (3,901 ft). The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge singletrack railway in Tamil Nadu State, 46km long. This UNESCO world heritage site … Banen nyttar framleis dei gamle damplokomotiva. [18][19], The Srinagar–Leh line is a proposed railway line to run from Srinagar station via the town of Kargil to Leh to be operated by Indian Railways. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. This year, all the three trains, including the Nilgiri Mountain Railway celebrates the 10th anniversary of their inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared UNESCO’s world heritage site in 2005. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a metre gauge railway in the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu The Kalka-Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge railway in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh. The Kalka–Shimla Railway runs between Kalka and Shimla. The route was designed in 1900, with construction beginning in 1904 and completed in 1907. The Mountain Railways of Indiarepresents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railwayand the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Bilaspur–Leh line is expected to become the highest railway track in the world by its completion, overtaking the current record of China's Qinghai–Tibet railway. The ABT system requires the use of special steam locomotives. It passes through many tunnels, and over hundreds of bridges (about 30 of them are large ones). The laudable fact about Nilgiri Railway is that it is the only rack railway in India. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. Nilgiri Mountain Train is one of the three mountain railways of India which have been given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the other two being the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first mountain train (toy train) in India. The three routes together have been titled the Mountain Railways of India under UNESCO World Heritage Site criteria ii and iv, within the Asia-Pacific region. This UNESCO World Heritage site will resume operations from 31st December. Lumding Badarpur Section also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. The steam-driven train is a symbol of a well maintained heritage and one of the most thrilling toy trains in India.This single-track line runs towards the sky from 1,070 feet to 7,228 feet, which was a remarkable achievement back then and nothing sort of a masterpiece today. Nearly all tracks, bridges, viaducts and tunnels from a century ago are intact. [12] Shimla is the modern capital of Himachal Pradesh[8][13] and is at an elevation of 2,205 m (7,234 ft) in the foothills of the Himalayas. It connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udagamandalam (Ootacamund). The railway starts from Jammu and will travel to Baramulla. Article 1 of the 1972 World Heritage Convention, this is a site. [2][3], The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, with the nickname "the Toy Train," is a 610 mm (2 ft) narrow-gauge railway that links the 88 km (55 mi) between Siliguri and Darjeeling. The Kalka–Shimla Railway has 103 tunnels and 864 bridges. It is the only rack railway in India, and uses the Abt system. Constructed by British in 1908, Nilgiri Mountain Train is considered an engineering marvel with the steepest track in Asia. The rack rail portion ends at Coonoor railway station. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udhagamandalam (Ooty, short for Ootacamund), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. Notable features of the route include Neral Station, the first on the route; the Herdal Hill section; the steep grade of Bhekra Khud; the One Kiss Tunnel (the only tunnel on the route, which earned its nickname because the tunnel is just long enough to exchange a kiss with one's partner); a water pipe station, which is no longer in operation; Mountain Berry, which features two sharp zigzags; Panorama Point; and finally, the end of the route at Matheran Bazaar. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is emblematic of the engineering and technical works that led to the successful launch of the train on this route. In July 2005, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was added by UNESCO as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. It had recognized as the 01st UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO India in the year 1999. This UNESCO World Heritage site will resume operations from 31st December. Nilgiri Mountain Railway resumes train operations between Mettupalayam and Ooty, The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) finally restarted their passenger operations between Mettupalayam and … India’s most southerly state, Tamil Nadu, is home to 46km of railway that, since July 2005, holds the distinction of being a UNESCO World Heritage site. NMR stands for “Nilgiri Mountain Railway” is also called as “Ooty Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. [15][8][16], The Lumding–Badarpur section in Assam is a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) railway line from Lumding to Badarpur. It had recognized as the 03rd UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO India in the year 2008. How to Reach Nilgiri Mountain Railway It’s a short distance between Ooty city center to Udhagamandalam Railway Station- a terminus station located within the city bounds. In July 2005, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was added by UNESCO as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 1,000 mm metre gauge railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908. Both towns are in the state of Tamil Nadu. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway was completed in 1908. Brief description: The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge single- It became the summer capital of British India in 1864, and it also served as the headquarters of the British Army in India.[8][13]. The steam-driven train is a symbol of a well maintained heritage and one of the most thrilling toy trains in India.This single-track line runs towards the sky from 1,070 feet to 7,228 feet, which was a remarkable achievement back then and nothing sort of a masterpiece today. The Darjeeling Himalayan railway received the accolade of the world heritage site in 1999 by UNESCO followed by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in 2005 and Kalka–Shimla Railway in 2008. Until the railway's construction, the only access to Shimla was by village cartway. This railway is only rack railway in India. The railway line has been built from Jammu to Katra, and the line from Katra to Banihal may be completed by 2020. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. The loops at Taksal, Gumman, and Dharampur help to attain flatter gradients. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre Most trains on the route are still powered by steam engines, but a modern diesel engine is used for the Darjeeling Mail train. [24], The Sevoke–Rangpo line is a proposed railway line planned to connect the towns of Sevoke in West Bengal and Rangpo in Sikkim and also link Sikkim with the Indian Railway network. Indian Railways is the proud owner of four UNESCO accorded World Heritage Sites namely Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (1999), Nilgiri Mountain Railway (2005), Kalka Shimla Railway (2008) and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (2004). It runs from Pathankot to Joginder Nagar by covering with a distance of about 163 Kilometers or 101 Miles, Jammu Baramulla Line also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway took 45 years to cut through the bureaucratic red tape and complete the construction and installation after it … The town of Siliguri, the start of the railway route, was connected with Calcutta (now Kolkata) via railway in 1878, while the additional journey to Darjeeling required the use of tongas (horse-driven carts) along a dust track. The renowned railway has a youngest X class loco being 50 years old while the oldest is 80 years old. NMR switched to diesel locomotives on the section between Coonoor and Udhagamandalam. The Rishikesh–Karnaprayag Railway, also an under construction, is a new railway link extension from the exiting Rishikesh railway station to Karnaprayag of the above system. Sie wurde schon seit 1845 geplant und 1899 von den Engländern nach Plänen des Schweizers Niklaus Riggenbach fertiggestellt. This mountain railway is one of the three railway tracks listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – the other two being The Darjeeling Himalayan Express and The Kalka-Shimla Railway. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udhagamandalam (Ooty, short for Ootacamund), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. It consists of 46 Kilometers or 29 Miles long meter gauge railway line that travels from Mettupalayam to Udagamandalam (Ooty). Nilgiri Mountain Railway: World heritage site not to be missed - See 1,584 traveler reviews, 1,792 candid photos, and great deals for Ooty (Udhagamandalam), India, at Tripadvisor. Of 2,076 m ( 7,500 ft ). [ 8 ], the Matheran hill Railway, World! The steel arch bridge over the Banganga River 46-km long metre-gauge single-track Railway was declared UNESCO ’ World! On February 26, 2013 the steepest track in the Nilgiri Mountain Railway runs from Mettupalayam Ooty. 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