alexios ii komnenos

They were allowed to have family members bring in their own food and were on good terms with the guards from whom they learned the latest news. (Byzanz) Alexios I. Komnenos (1182–1222), Kaiser von Trapezunt von 1204 bis 1222, siehe Alexios I. Nevertheless, the intrigues of Irene and Anna disturbed even Alexios' dying hours. [9] Botaneiates allowed them to be treated as refugees rather than as guests. [38] Alexios used the opportunity to meet the crusader leaders separately as they arrived, extracting from them oaths of homage and the promise to turn over conquered lands to the Byzantine Empire. By his marriage with Irene Doukaina, Alexios I had the following children:[58], "Alexius I" redirects here. [13] By secretly giving inside information to the Komnenoi, Maria was an invaluable ally.[14]. Baron … Alexios' reform of the Byzantine monetary system was an important basis for the financial recovery and therefore supported the so-called Komnenian restoration, as the new coinage restored financial confidence. [11], The empress was already closely connected to the Komnenoi through Maria's cousin Irene's marriage to Isaac Komnenos,[10] so the Komnenoi brothers were able to see her under the pretense of a friendly family visit. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Alexios Komnenos, co-emperor from 1122 to 1142 2. He was the elder son of John II and Eudokia Palaiologina. For other uses, see, Portrait of Emperor Alexios I, from a Greek manuscript. Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassene, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). Alexios’ father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Alexios IV Angelos, the son of the deposed Isaac II, had recently escaped from Constantinople and now appealed to the crusaders, promising to end the schism of East and West, to pay for their transport, and to provide military support to the crusaders if they helped him to depose his uncle and sit on his father's throne. [32], By the time Alexios ascended the throne, the Seljuqs had taken most of Asia Minor. Alexios Branas Komnenos († April 1187 bei Konstantinopel) war ein byzantinischer General und Usurpator gegen Kaiser Isaak II. [43], During the last twenty years of his life Alexios lost much of his popularity. Death of Alexios II Komnenos, byzantine emperor at C... император на Византия (1180-1183), Kejsare i Byzan 1180-1183, Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. [27] During his retreat, the emperor was surrounded and worn down by the Pechenegs, who forced him to sign a truce and to pay protection money. [1] He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy. HM Juan Carlos' 22-Great Grandfather. In 1087 the Pechenegs raided into Thrace, and Alexios crossed into Moesia to retaliate but failed to take Dorostolon (Silistra). Maria Komnene (twin to Alexios), who … Alexios's son John II Komnenos succeeded him in 1118, and was to rule until 1143. September 1183. He enhanced his resistance by bribing the German king Henry IV with 360,000 gold pieces to attack the Normans in Italy,[23] which forced the Normans to concentrate on their defenses at home in 1083–84. Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassena, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). Manuel’s widow, Maria of Antioch, and Alexios Komnenos, the protosebastos, spread their favor and the largesse of the imperial treasury narrowly but intensively over Italians and aristocrats. In 1182 CE Androniko… (řecky Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos, někdy latinsky Alexius II. In order to conceal the importance of the conspiracy, Alexios merely banished the wealthiest plotters and confiscated their estates. He also secured the alliance of Henry, Count of Monte Sant'Angelo, who controlled the Gargano Peninsula and dated his charters by Alexios' reign. The historian T. E. Gregory here summarises the accomplishments of Alexios I Komnenos: Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. [37], The "Prince's Crusade", the second and much more formidable host of crusaders, gradually made its way to Constantinople, led in sections by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemond of Taranto, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and other important members of the western nobility. en The massacre followed the deposition of Maria of Antioch, a Norman … Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (Greek: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. [57] By seeking close alliances with powerful noble families, Alexios put an end to the tradition of imperial exclusivity and co-opted most of the nobility into his extended family and, through it, his government. These are the best ones selected among thousands of others on the Internet. [9] Anna then protested that the family was in fear for their lives, her sons were loyal subjects (Alexios and Isaac were discovered absent without leave), and had learned of a plot by enemies of the Komnenoi to have them both blinded and had, therefore, fled the capital so they may continue to be of loyal service to the emperor. Irene died on August 13, 1134 and was later venerated as Saint Irene. Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power. Manuel Komnenos, born February 1097 and known only from a manuscript now in Moscow, died probably soon after his birth, Zoe Komnene, born March 1098 and known only from a manuscript now in Moscow, died probably soon after her birth, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 18:44. Alexios II. Alexios II Komnenos ( tiếng Hy Lạp: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός (Alexios II Komnēnos)) ( 10 tháng 9, 1169 – Tháng 10, 1183) là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1180 đến năm 1183. John was unusual for his lack of cruelty—despite his long reign, he never had anyone killed or blinded. In 1117 he moved onto the offensive and pushed his army deep into the Turkish-dominated Anatolian Plateau, where he defeated the Seljuq sultan at the Battle of Philomelion. [37] This measure, which was intended to diminish opposition, was paralleled by the introduction of new courtly dignities, like that of panhypersebastos given to Nikephoros Bryennios, or that of sebastokrator given to the emperor's brother Isaac Komnenos. [49] Bryennios had been made kaisar (Caesar) and received the newly created title of panhypersebastos ("honoured above all"), and remained loyal to both Alexios and John. : Alexios II. Alexios I had overcome a dangerous crisis and stabilized the Byzantine Empire, inaugurating a century of imperial prosperity and success. Alexios II Komnenos. Desc: Alexios II Komnenos, Latinized Alexius II Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183.He ascended to the throne as a minor. His young… The couple were the progenitors of the Imperial dynasty. Poss. As stated in the Alexiad, Isaac and Alexios left Constantinople in mid-February 1081 to raise an army against Botaneiates. [9] First married to Michael VII Doukas and secondly to Nikephoros III Botaneiates, she was preoccupied with the future of her son by Michael VII, Constantine Doukas. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Alexios I Komnenos (tiếng Hy Lạp: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 hoặc 1056 – 15 tháng 8, 1118), là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1081 đến năm 1118. [26] As soon as the Norman threat had passed, Alexios set out to punish the rebels and deserters, confiscating their lands. In 1090 the Pechenegs invaded Thrace again,[28] while Tzachas, the brother-in-law of the Sultan of Rum, launched a fleet and attempted to arrange a joint siege of Constantinople with the Pechenegs. Henry's allegiance would be the last example of Byzantine political control on peninsular Italy. Mehr sehen » Alexios Branas. For other uses, see, "Alexios Komnenos" redirects here. [9] The tutor discovered they were missing and eventually found them on the palace grounds, but Anna was able to convince him that they would return to the palace shortly. Alexios II Komnenos (1180–1183) A twelve year old child when his father Manuel died, Alexios II’s reign is a brief story of inept regency and opportunistic, long-awaited usurpation. Fiancé of Agnès de France, byzantine empress Hoewel hy sy seun Johannes II Komnenos in 1092 op vyfjarige ouderdom as medekeiser aangestel het, wou sy vrou, Irene Doukaina, hê hy moes die opvolging verander ten gunste van hulle dogter Anna en Anna se man, Nikephoros Bryennios die jongere. [9] As a result, Alexios and Constantine, Maria's son, were now adoptive brothers, and both Isaac and Alexios took an oath that they would safeguard his rights as emperor. The most detailed guides for Alexios I Komnenos How To are provided in this page. She also demanded that the cross be personally sent by Botaneiates as a vow of his good faith. Led by a pretender claiming to be Constantine Diogenes, a long-dead son of the Emperor Romanos IV,[31] the Cumans crossed the mountains and raided into eastern Thrace until their leader was eliminated at Adrianople. Son of Manuel I and Maria of Antioch (qq.v. Alexios I. Komnenos (1204–1222) Andronikos I. With the Balkans more or less pacified, Alexios could now turn his attention to Asia Minor, which had been almost completely overrun by the Seljuq Turks. As if she were weighed down with old age and worn out by grief, she walked slowly and when she approached the actual entrance to the sanctuary made two genuflections; on the third she sank to the floor and taking firm hold of the sacred doors, cried in a loud voice: "Unless my hands are cut off, I will not leave this holy place except on one condition: that I receive the emperor's cross as guarantee of safety". [40] John Doukas re-established Byzantine rule in Chios, Rhodes, Smyrna, Ephesus, Sardis, and Philadelphia in 1097–1099. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. At the emperor's further insistence, and for their own protection, they took refuge at the convent of Petrion, where they were eventually joined by Maria of Bulgaria, mother of Irene Doukaina. [citation needed]. September 1167, Sohn von Manuel I. von Byzanz und Maria von Antiochien. [17], Nikephoros III Botaneiates was forced into a public vow that he would grant protection to the family. Alexios' policy of integration of the nobility bore the fruit of continuity: every Byzantine emperor who reigned after Alexios I Komnenos was related to him by either descent or marriage. This did not, however, lead to a demotion, as Alexios was needed to counter the expected invasion of the Normans of Southern Italy, led by Robert Guiscard. Alexius II Komnenos (bahasa Yunani: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos') (10 September 1169 – 24 September 1183, Konstantinopel), Kekaisaran Romawi Timur (1180–1183), adalah putra dari Kaisar Manuel I Komnenos dan Maria, putri Raymond, pangeran Antiokhia. 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